Canada Express Entry
About the Invitation to Apply for Canadian permanent residence
An Invitation to Apply is offered to any candidate in the Express
Entry pool who has been selected to apply for immigration to Canada
by ‘Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’ (IRCC) through the
Express Entry immigration selection system. Invitations to Apply are
issued on a priority basis when IRCC performs a draw from the
Express Entry pool, which is made up of candidates who have made an
expression of interest in immigrating to Canada.
An Invitation to Apply should not be confused with initial eligibility to enter the Express Entry pool, nor should it be confused with a job offer from a Canadian employer or a provincial nomination certificate. The Invitation to Apply is an auto-generated letter issued to Express Entry candidates through their Express Entry profiles.
How candidates may obtain an Invitation to Apply
Only candidates eligible to immigrate to Canada by
meeting the minimum entry criteria of a federal economic immigration
program may enter into the Express Entry pool, where they are ranked
according to the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS ranks
candidates under the following components:
• core human capital factors
• accompanying spouse or common-law partner factors, if applicable;
• skill transferability factors; and
• factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, previous study in Canada, having a sibling in Canada, or proof of French ability.
• There are a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System.
The government of Canada issues Invitations to Apply to certain candidates in the Express Entry pool according to their ranking system by publishing a minimum CRS cut-off score at the time of the draw and notifying those candidates who have been invited to apply for permanent residence.
Documentation required submitting an e-application
All candidates who receive an Invitation to
Apply are currently required to submit the following supporting
documents along with their application, and government processing
• Valid passport
• Birth certificate
• Language test results
• Documentation attesting to work experience
• Police clearance certificate(s)
• Upfront medical receipt
• Photographs of principal applicant and family members
Depending on the program under which a candidate was issued an Invitation to Apply and the information provided in his or her Express Entry profile, the following documentation may be required:
• Canadian Education Credential OR Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
• Letter of attestation
• Official transcripts of post-secondary education study program courses taken
• Secondary education documents
• Original letter from a Canadian employer indicating an offer of arranged employment
• Proof of family relationship(s) in Canada
• Proof of settlement funds
• Legal documents showing changes in name or date of birth
• Marriage certificate(s) Signed Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union and document attesting to cohabitation for a period of at least 12 months
• Divorce or annulment certificate(s)
• Death certificate(s) for former spouse(s) or common-law partner(s)
• Children’s birth certificates
• Adoption papers
• Proof of full custody for children
• Travel documents (non-passport)
• Certified copy of a certificate of qualification in a skilled trade occupation issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial authority
• Copies of work contracts and/or pay stubs
• Documents relating to income taxation
The 90-day deadline
Note: As of November 19, 2016, candidates have 90 days to apply after they receive an ITA rather than 60 days as was previously the case.
It is important to note that from the date the ITA is issued there is a 90-day period, within which the applicant has to apply and submit all supporting documents as IRCC has indicated that no extensions will be granted.
Because of this limited time period, candidates are encouraged collecting these documents and ensuring they are in good order before an Invitation to Apply for Canadian permanent residence is issued. If a candidate misses the 90-day deadline, the Invitation to Apply for permanent residence that was issued to him or her will no longer be valid and the applicant needs to re-enter in the Express Entry pool.
If the information provided by the potential candidate turns out to be false, this is known as misrepresentation and, depending on the nature and severity of the false claim, carries penalties. The purpose of the misrepresentation provisions is to ensure that applicants provide complete, honest, and truthful information in every manner when applying for entry into Canada, and to ensure the integrity of Canadian immigration programs.
A potential candidate who has been found to have provided false information going into the Express Entry pool can be banned from re-entering the pool for five years. Therefore, it is hugely important to provide accurate and correct information always.
An applicant may be found inadmissible to Canada due to misrepresentation for directly or indirectly misrepresenting or withholding material facts relating to a relevant matter that induces or could induce an error in the processing of his or her application. The applicant is responsible for ensuring that the application is truthful and that the supporting documents are genuine, and he or she may be found to have misrepresented him or herself whether or not that misrepresentation was intentional.
Examples of misrepresentation may include:
An applicant asks a relative or friend to obtain information in support of an application. The information provided by the applicant’s representative turns out to be false and the applicant claims to not be aware of the inaccuracy. Nevertheless, the applicant is responsible for ensuring that the application is truthful and the supporting documents are genuine. The applicant could therefore be inadmissible for misrepresentation due to having submitted false documents and/or information, even though he or she was not the one who fabricated evidence.
An individual states that he or she has never been convicted of a crime, but a criminal background check reveals a criminal record. This is direct misrepresentation.
The scope of misrepresentation is not limited to such cases. In cases of possible misrepresentation, the applicant may be given the opportunity to respond to concerns raised about his or her application.
Accepting an Invitation to Apply
The original profile information will remain for 90 days after the Invitation to Apply is issued. Candidates will have this length of time to submit a complete and accurate application along with all supporting documents. The submission of the complete application is considered the acceptance.
Once all portions of the document checklist are uploaded and complete, applicants are given the option to submit an application. The option to submit is not available until after all fields are accounted for. An Acknowledgment of Receipt (AOR) will be automatically issued once the file is submitted. IRCC will review the application and determine whether or not it is both complete and eligible. IRCC aims to complete this process within six months of the applicant having submitted his or her application.
Expiration of an Invitation to Apply
If no application is made by that time, it will be deleted. Candidates who do not decline an Invitation to Apply and who do not apply within 90 days will see that the Invitation to Apply will expire. At this point, candidates who still wish to immigrate to Canada through Express Entry will have to complete and submit a new Express Entry profile and be accepted to the pool again in order to be considered in future rounds of invitations. To re-enter the pool, candidates will have to still meet the minimum criteria.
Declining an Invitation to Apply
Candidates who decide to decline an Invitation to Apply will have their profiles placed back into the Express Entry pool to be considered in future rounds of invitations, as long as they still meet the minimum criteria of a federal economic immigration program.
There is no guarantee that candidates will receive another Invitation to Apply at a later date. Declining an invitation, however, will not have a negative effect on whether or not candidates could be invited to apply at a later date.
us for more information on draws from the Express Entry pool that
have taken place, including details regarding:
How many Invitations to Apply were issued in the each draw;
The minimum number of CRS points required for candidates in order to receive an Invitation to Apply; and the program(s) under which candidates were issued Invitations to Apply for each draw.
Please send your complete CV to our email: email@example.com so that we may assist you in your Canadian immigration goals.
Contact with us directly:
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Canada Federal Skilled Worker (Professional) Immigration:
Federal Skilled Worker applications are assessed based on an applicant's ability to become economically established upon immigration to Canada.
In order to be eligible for a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa, Federal Skilled Worker applicants must:
> Have at least one year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation (National Occupational Classification skill lever 0, A or B); or
> Qualify for Arranged Employment in Canada with a Labour Market Impact Assessment and a full-time, permanent job offer from a Canadian employer; and
> Pass a minimum threshold of language ability in one of the Canada's two official languages, English or French.
In addition, Federal Skilled Worker (Professional) applicants must obtain at least 67 points based on Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada's (IRCC) immigration selection factors.
factors are listed below. Click each factor to learn more
Education: Candidates can be awarded up to 25 points from formal education.
Language Skills: Candidates can be awarded up to total 28 points (24-first official language, 4-second official language).
Work Experience: Under this factor, candidates can be awarded up to 15 points for certain paid skilled work experience that they have acquired in the last 10 years, but they must attain at least a score of 9 points in order to qualify.
Age: Candidates can be awarded up to 12 points based on their age at the time of applying.
Arranged Employment: Candidates can be awarded up to 10 points if they have arranged employment in Canada. However, the arrangement needs to meet the requirements.
can be awarded up to 10 points for a number of factors that show
that they are adaptable to moving to Canada.
Once it has been determined that a candidate meets the eligibility and points requirements, they must show sufficient funds to support themselves and their dependents, if have any, after in Canada. Finally, candidates and their dependents must also undergo medical examinations and obtain security clearances as part of the Canadian immigration application process.
Note: the Canadian
government recognizes that the points awarded under the skilled
worker selection system do not always accurately reflect an
applicant's chances of successfully establishing themselves in
Canada. As a result, Citizenship and Immigration Canada Officers are
authorized to use an alternate method of assessing an application.
Under the concept of "substituted evaluation", a Visa Officer may
make their own evaluation for the likelihood of the applicant
becoming economically established in Canada. This method allows the
Visa Officer to accept or refuse the applicant no matter how many
points the applicant has achieved.
Quebec Immigration - Skilled Worker Program
The Quebec immigration selection system
for Quebec Skilled Workers is designed to indicate which applicants
are likely to become economically established upon immigration to
Skilled Worker (Professional) applicants who intend to reside in Montreal or in another city or region within the province of Quebec are assessed under a different system than applicants who wish to settle elsewhere in Canada. This is done through what the government of Quebec calls its 'Regular Skilled Worker Program', otherwise known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP).
Canada's 2017 Immigration Plan
Canada will welcome an increased number of immigrants through skilled worker programs in 2017.
Cap-exempt candidates who have an employment offer validated by the MIDI, as well as individuals who are temporary residents of Quebec and eligible to submit an application for CSQ, may submit an application at any time.
Mon Project Québec
As of January 2016, candidates for immigration to Canada through the QSWP must use the secure space Mon project Québec in order to submit an application. Mon projet Québec allows candidates to complete their application for a CSQ, make their payment online, follow the status of their application, make changes to their application, and access personal electronic messaging throughout the process.
Skilled Worker Eligibility
Applicants who are successful under the Regular Skilled Worker Program are issued a Quebec Selection Certificate (Certificat de sélection du Québec, also known as a CSQ), which is then followed by a Canadian Permanent Resident (Immigration) Visa. Though applicants to the program are assessed based upon different selection factors than those of the Federal Skilled Worker Class, the government of Canada acknowledges Quebec's selection of applicants by issuing permanent resident visas to successful applicants, once medical and criminality background check have been completed.
In order to qualify for a CSQ, you must score enough points under the Quebec Immigration selection system that is described below. A single (unmarried) applicant must score at least 50 points based on this system, while an applicant with a spouse or common-law partner must score at least 59 points.
Quebec Skilled Worker applicants must then successfully complete
medical and security examinations conducted by the Canadian
government in order to be granted a Canada Immigration (permanent
Quebec Skilled Workers applicants are not assessed based upon the
selection factors of the Federal Skilled Worker Class. Citizenship
and Immigration Canada acknowledges the selection of applicants who
meet Quebec immigration selection criteria.
Processing Times for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program vary from one Canadian Immigration Visa Office to another.
Canada Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)
Federal Skilled Trades Class applications are assessed based on an applicant's ability to become economically established upon immigration to Canada.
In order to qualify for a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa, Federal Skilled Trades applicants must:
• Have offers of employment from up to two employers in Canada of at least one year duration OR a Certificate of Qualification from a provincial or territorial body;
• Provide proof of basic language proficiency from a designated language testing organization, demonstrating that the applicant meets the minimum threshold set by the Minister — Canadian Level Benchmark (CLB) 5 for speaking and listening, CLB 4 for reading and writing;
• Have obtained 24 months of qualified work experience in the skilled trade in the last five years; and
• Be able to demonstrate the skills and experience and that they have performed the essential duties of the occupation.
Skilled Trades currently eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Class fall into the following general categories of the NOC:
• Major Group 72: industrial, electrical and construction trades,
• Major Group 73: maintenance and equipment operation trades,
• Major Group 82: supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production,
• Major Group 92: processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators,
• Minor Group 632: chefs and cooks, and
• Minor Group 633: butchers and bakers.
Contact us for more
information about the Federal Skilled Trades Class or fill out a
free Canadian immigration assessment form to learn more about your
Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)
Alberta is one of Canada’s most economically and
socially dynamic provinces.
Located in Western Canada, Alberta has a rapidly growing economy based in large part on its vast natural resources. Home to two of Canada's largest cities, Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta is the most populous of the country's three 'Prairie provinces'. It is also renowned as one of the most beautiful parts of North America, with famous national parks such as Banff and Jasper.
The AINP is Alberta's Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive an Alberta Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will speed up the overall immigration process.
The AINP consists of three main immigration streams:
• Strategic Recruitment Stream
• Employer-Driven Stream
• Self-Employed Farmer Stream
• Alberta Opportunity Stream (opens January 2018)
• Alberta Express Entry Stream (opens January 2018)
British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP)
British Columbia, Canada’s westernmost province, is a hub of cultural diversity and economic growth.
Home to the country’s third-largest city, Vancouver,
British Columbia is also one of the most diverse provinces in all of
Canada. British Columbia’s economy focuses on a strong natural
resources sector, with an emphasis on forestry and mining. Its
natural environment, with expansive forests and a unique coastal
climate, is renowned as one of the most beautiful in Canada, and
indeed the world.
A marina in downtown Vancouver, British Columbia on a clear day
The BC PNP is British Columbia’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a British Columbia Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will allow that foreign national to apply for Canadian permanent residence with processing times that are faster than other Canadian immigration classes.
The BC PNP accepts applications under two main immigration streams:
• Skills Immigration (including Express Entry British Columbia)
• Entrepreneur Immigration
These streams are further divided into categories. Below we provide you with additional information about each to help you determine if the BC PNP is right for you.
Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program (MPNP)
Located between the provinces of Ontario and Saskatchewan, the province of Manitoba is in many ways the gateway to western Canada.
With an economy based largely
on natural resources and agriculture, it is a major driver of
Canada’s wealth. Manitoba’s population of approximately 1.2 million
is located largely in and around the capital city of Winnipeg.
Manitobans benefit from tight-knit communities, a stable labour
market, and sweeping natural wilderness.
The MPNP is Manitoba’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Manitoba Provincial Nomination Certificate, which speeds up the overall immigration process.
There are three streams through which the province and potential
candidates may immigrate to Manitoba:
• Skilled Worker Immigration Stream - including those in Manitoba and Overseas
• Business Immigration Stream
• Farm Strategic Recruitment Initiative
• Morden Community Driven Immigration Initiative - through the MPNP
Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP)
Nova Scotia is a small Canadian province located in the Maritimes
region of the country.
The province is composed of the Nova Scotia peninsula, Cape Breton Island, and over 3,000 smaller islands. Its capital city, Halifax, is known as a major centre for culture and the arts, as well as for its high standard of living. Nova Scotians are closely connected to the sea, and the province is renowned for its coastal beauty and delicious cuisine.
The NSNP is Nova Scotia’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Nova Scotia Provincial Nomination Certificate, which speeds up the overall immigration process.
The NSNP accepts applications under the following
• Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
• Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
• Skilled Worker Stream
• International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP)
Ontario is Canada’s most popular landing
destination for immigrants from around the world.
As Canada’s most populous province, nearly 40 percent of Canadians call Ontario home. Ontario is also home to Canada’s capital city, Ottawa, and its largest city, Toronto. In many ways, Ontario is the center of Canada’s economic, social, and political life.
Ontario’s Provincial Nominee Program is called the Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP).
Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive an Ontario Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will allow that foreign national to apply for Canadian Permanent Residence with processing times that are faster than other Canadian immigration classes.
OINP accepts applications under the following immigration
Ontario Express Entry
• Ontario Express Entry: Human Capital Priorities Stream
• Ontario Express Entry: French-Speaking Skilled Worker Stream
• Ontario Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream
(sometimes referred to as Employer Job Offer Category)
• Foreign Workers with a Job Offer Stream
• Employer Job Offer In-Demand Skills Stream
• International Students with a Job Offer Stream
• International Students - Masters Graduate Stream
• International Students - PhD Graduate Stream
Saskatchewan Immigrant Nominee Program (SINP)
Saskatchewan is home to one of the
country’s most rapidly growing economies and populations, thanks
largely to the arrival of immigrants from around the world.
Saskatchewan is one of the Prairie Provinces of Western Canada. Its economy is primarily based on agriculture and important natural resources industries like forestry and fishing. It boasts two major cities, Saskatoon and Regina, as well as vast expanses of pristine wilderness.
The SINP is Saskatchewan’s Provincial Nominee Program. Through this program, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by the province may receive a Saskatchewan Provincial Nomination Certificate, which will allow that foreign national to apply for Canadian permanent residence with processing times that are faster than other Canadian immigration classes.
accepts applications under the following categories:
• International Skilled Worker Category
• Saskatchewan Experience Category
• Entrepreneur and Farm Category
Each these categories may have one or more sub-categories. Below we provide you with additional information about each of these categories to help you determine if the SINP is right for you.
Quebec Experience Class (PEQ)
If you have studied or worked in the province
of Quebec, you may be eligible to immigrate under this fast-track
Canadian immigration program.
There are two categories under the Quebec Experience Class (Programme de l’expérience Québécoise, or PEQ): one for foreign students and another for individuals with work experience in Quebec.
Immigration to Quebec is a two-step process in which an applicant first applies for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (also known as a Quebec Selection Certificate or "CSQ"), a document that allows the holder to immigrate to Quebec. Once the applicant obtains a CSQ, he or she must then submit an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for federal approval before the Canadian Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa can be issued. Federal immigration authorities will primarily be responsible for processing criminal and medical checks.
Potential applicants who do not meet the eligibility criteria for the PEQ, but who have experience working or studying in Quebec, may also be eligible to apply for a CSQ through the Quebec Skilled Worker Program. Read more about the differences between the PEQ and QSW programs.
Foreign students in Quebec
will be eligible to apply under this program if they meet the
• The student must have obtained a degree or diploma from an educational institution recognized by the Quebec Ministry of Education within the past 36 months;
• The student must have studied in Quebec for at least 1,800 hours (two years); and
• The student must show that he or she has successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if his or her studies were not completed in French, or prove French ability by way of a standardized language test recognized by the government of Quebec.
Temporary Foreign Workers in Quebec will be eligible to apply under this program if they meet the following requirements:
• The worker must have 12 months of work experience in Quebec in a skilled, managerial, or professional occupation in the 24 months prior to submission of the application;
• The worker must be employed and show legal status in Quebec at the time of his or her application; and
• The worker must show that he or she has successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if his or her studies were not completed in French, or prove French ability by way of a standardized language test recognized by the government of Quebec. Alternatively, he or she can show that he or she has satisfied the French language requirements of the professional order governing his or her occupation in Quebec.
Quebec immigration authorities expect the assessment of applications
under the PEQ to be completed on a fast-track basis.
It is important to note that all applications from individuals who have obtained a CSQ are then processed in a separate priority queue at the federal level. For more information on the Quebec Experience Class, please contact with us directly.